Lynx Controversy & Extinction Denial

The latest news on nature and conservation in the UK.

Inkcap Journal
Inkcap Journal

National news

Environment targets | The government has announced plans to set legally binding targets under the Environment Bill, which will soon resume its passage through Parliament. Currently, the targets are subject to consultation, but they will focus on four priority areas: air quality, resource efficiency and waste reduction, biodiversity, and water. These long-term goals will be supported by interim targets, and the government will have to report annually on progress, according to Defra. The government lays out its thinking more fully in this document. The announcement received a cautious welcome from environmental campaigners, although some expressed concern about the timeline for the goals, which won’t be settled until 2022; the BBC, Daily Mail and i news cover the story, including some of this reaction.

Nature recovery | Natural England has announced that five local authorities will share £1m to undertake pilot studies for “Local Nature Recovery Strategies” – something that all areas in England will ultimately have to establish under the forthcoming Environment Bill. The local authorities selected (Cornwall, Buckinghamshire, Greater Manchester, Northumberland and Cumbria) must develop maps showing the most valuable existing sites for wildlife and identify opportunities for restoring nature. Natural England chair Tony Juniper explains more in a blog post, including how these strategies will ultimately underpin the creation of a Nature Recovery Network across England.

Reintroductions | Two species reintroduction schemes were announced this week. Wilder Britain launched a public consultation on bringing back golden eagles to Wales, reports the BBC, while the Lynx UK Trust launched another consultation on returning the lynx to a forest near Loch Lomond. But there is a twist in the tale. Both organisations are directed by Paul O’Donoghue, who has long courted controversy with his unorthodox attitude towards reintroductions. Conservationists and relevant organisations quickly disavowed the schemes; both Forestry & Land Scotland and Loch Lomond National Park said that they had not been consulted on the lynx plans. The Scottish branch of the National Farmers Union said that “farmers and crofters can be reassured that whatever emerges from this group does not, in any way, equate to an application for release in Scotland.”

In other news:

  • Wales’ last golden eagle has died, reports Wales Online.
  • The head of the Environment Agency supports plans to weaken river regulations, reports the Guardian. Defra says this is an inaccurate interpretation of his words. Here’s the speech; judge for yourself.
  • Farmers say that they are facing the worst wheat yields in 40 years due to extreme weather, reports the Independent.
  • Beaver culling season has begun in Scotland, as kits are officially no longer seen as dependent upon their mothers, meaning farmers can apply for licences to shoot them, reports the Times.
  • Marsh harriers have thrived on National Trust land during lockdown, reports the Telegraph.

Across the country

Aberdeenshire | The owners of the Kildrummy Estate in Scotland have revealed plans to end wildlife persecution, and instead rewild much of the 5,600-acre estate, after they featured as a case study in a report by the League Against Cruel Sports last week. This investigation found that up to 260,000 animals are killed annually on Scottish shooting estates to increase grouse numbers. “We have every intention for Kildrummy to operate to the highest ecological and wildlife conservation standards,” said Camille Bently, one half of the American couple that owns the estate. The Times and the National covered the story.

Northern Ireland | Virtually all native ash trees in Northern Ireland are expected to succumb to ash dieback, according to the Woodland Trust, which found the disease in numerous places while surveying its sites. The disease could particularly hit the nation’s hedgerows, which are composed of 60% ash. Dealing with ash dieback across the UK could cost £15bn in the future, says the BBC. Separately, in Bristol, residents are outraged that a pair of dying lime trees are to be cut down by the council – and they will have to pay themselves if they want them replaced, reports the Bristol Post.

Dorset | A colony of black bees has been reintroduced in west Dorset to help establish a regional population. The project was undertaken by the Dorset Wildlife Trust. “Whilst it was widely thought that this variety had become extinct a century ago, small, isolated wild living populations have been found in Scotland, Wales and Ireland, and more recently further south in Cornwall and Devon,” according to the Trust. Separately, the carrot mining bee has been discovered in Wales for the first time at a reserve in the Vale of Glamorgan, according to Buglife.


  • Nightjars may have started breeding again on one of Greater Manchester’s peatlands for the first time in 20 years, according to the local Wildlife Trust.
  • Seven more young white-tailed eagles have been released on the Isle of Wight as part of a reintroduction scheme, reports BirdGuides.
  • Plantlife is trying to save wildflower meadows and rare pinewood plants from dying out in the Cairngorms.
  • The Cheshire Wildlife Trust is releasing a pair of beavers into an enclosure in Delamere.
  • County Durham’s last coal mine has closed, reports the Independent.
  • Nearly half the wood that supposedly inspired Fantastic Mr Fox will be destroyed for HS2 this autumn, according to the Woodland Trust.
  • Two Extinction Rebellion protesters have been fined for digging up the lawn of Trinity College, Cambridge, earlier this year, reports the Express and Star.
  • Plans to extract peat from Lochwood Moss in Dumfries and Galloway have been challenged by council officials, reports the BBC.
  • An injured white-tailed eagle found on Lewis may have been hit by a wind turbine, reports the BBC.


Gamebirds | A report about the ecological impacts of gamebird releases into the countryside has been released by Natural England and the British Association of Shooting and Conservation (BASC), a group that exists to promote shooting, who both part-funded the research. The report finds that tens of millions of gamebirds are likely released into the UK for shooting every year, which has a variety of positive and negative impacts on the environment, both directly and indirectly. “Ultimately, either an increase in damaging effects arising from poor or excessive game management, or a decrease in beneficial effects arising from the reduction or cessation of gamebird release could contribute to net negative ecological outcomes,” it concludes. One of the authors has summarised the report here. BASC’s executive director has written a blog on the report, stating that the group’s involvement shows “we are not scared of tackling areas of concern”. There has not been time yet for much further reaction, but I doubt this is the last you’ll hear of this report.

Scotland | A coalition of groups, including the RSPB Scotland, Scottish Wildlife Trust and WWF Scotland, has released a nature recovery plan, setting out 11 “transformative” actions to restore the nation’s nature, while also supporting “vibrant” communities and economies. The actions encompass expanding native woodlands, licensing driven grouse shooting, managing deer populations effectively, and supporting nature-friendly farming. There is a link to the full report on this page. The Scotsman has a story on the report.

Beavers | A coalition of groups, known as the English Beaver Strategy Working Group, have released their proposals for the English Beaver Strategy that is currently being prepared by the government. The document was compiled by the Beaver Trust and suggests various actions that could be taken now and in the future, including recognising beavers as a native species with the appropriate legal status in England. Not all members of the working group supported the document; the Wild Trout Trust spells out its reasons. The Independent has covered the proposals.


Denial | Just when you think you’ve learned how to respond to annoying climate deniers, you learn about a new conversational beast: extinction denial. This became a thing around the time of the IPBES report, according to a new comment paper in Nature Ecology & Evolution. The authors, led by Alex Lees of Manchester Metropolitan University, take us through the three categories of denial: literal denial (“species extinctions were predominantly a historical problem”), interpretative denial (“economic growth alone will fix the extinction crisis”), and implicatory denial (“technological fixes and targeted conservation interventions will overcome extinction”). Sigh.

Hen harriers | A paper published at the end of last month considered the combination of European-wide and regional threats facing the hen harrier and short-eared owl – highlighting the persecution that hen harriers face when they cross the border into the UK in particular. A blog published by one of the authors this week teases out some of the implications of this study for conservation. “For hen harriers, it is time to develop a Europe-wide action plan to protect the species,” he writes. “This should aim to address threats that are widespread and common to the different European populations, but also make space for solving region-specific problems.”


Roaming | This week saw the launch of a new Right To Roam campaign. “We want to see Right to Roam extended to woodlands, all downland (much is currently still excluded), Green Belt land, rivers and river banks. We’d also like to see access rights broadened beyond rambling to include a right to kayak, swim, and wild camp,” explain Nick Hayes and Guy Shrubsole, who are behind the campaign, on the new website. Access to nature is more important than ever, and the law must be changed to reflect this, they argue. George Monbiot has written a piece about land access and the campaign in the Guardian.

Diversity | Ever since I wrote this piece exploring how natural history museums are tackling their colonialist pasts, I’ve been keeping a close eye on what actions museums have taken. London’s Natural History Museum has just provided another update: it has recruited Angela Saini, author of Superior and The Return of Race Science, to assist with its review of representation across the buildings and website, and is working on making recruitment more inclusive. This blog also includes updates on the Museum’s efforts to close the gender pay gap.

Lockdown | Nature has been affected by the coronavirus lockdown in various ways, which are captured neatly in this feature in Countryfile. It’s a good summary of everything we’ve been hearing over the last few months, both good and bad: from a greater interest in nature and reduced disturbance to wildlife, to an increase in bird crime and vandalism.

Happy days

Oceans | A new podcast, launched by the Marine Conservation Society, explores issues facing British oceans through conversations with experts. The first episode is hosted by Royal Ballet soloist, Fernando Montaño, who chats to Jonathan Hill, a musician known for playing a violin made out of driftwood. (A driftwood violin is something I definitely want to own at some point.) Listen here.

Image credits: Oregon State University, Debb Collins, skeeze, Jamie Millard

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